There are at least 1, different species of wildflower. It is illegal to uproot any wildflowers without the landowner's permission. There are many species of fungi including lichen -forming species, and the mycobiota is less poorly known than in many other parts of the world.
The most recent checklist of Basidiomycota bracket fungi, jelly fungi, mushrooms and toadstools, puffballs, rusts and smuts , published in , accepts over species.
The number of fungal species known very probably exceeds 10, There is widespread agreement among mycologists that many others are yet to be discovered. London is the capital of England and the whole of the United Kingdom , and is the seat of the United Kingdom's government. Edinburgh and Cardiff are the capitals of Scotland and Wales , respectively, and house their devolved governments. In contrast to the generally accepted view  that Celtic originated in the context of the Hallstatt culture , since , John T. Koch and others have proposed that the origins of the Celtic languages are to be sought in Bronze Age Western Europe, especially the Iberian Peninsula.
Northern Scotland mainly spoke Pritennic , which became Pictish , which may have been a Brythonic language. Approximately of these Latin loan-words have survived in the three modern Brythonic languages. Romano-British is the name for the Latinised form of the language used by Roman authors. British English is spoken in the present day across the island, and developed from the Old English brought to the island by Anglo-Saxon settlers from the mid 5th century.
Some 1. There are various regional dialects of English, and numerous languages spoken by some immigrant populations. Christianity has been the largest religion by number of adherents since the Early Middle Ages : it was introduced under the ancient Romans, developing as Celtic Christianity. According to tradition, Christianity arrived in the 1st or 2nd century. The most popular form is Anglicanism known as Episcopalism in Scotland. Dating from the 16th-century Reformation , it regards itself as both Catholic and Reformed.
It has the status of established church in England. There are just over 26 million adherents to Anglicanism in Britain today,  although only around one million regularly attend services. The second largest Christian practice is the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church , which traces its history to the 6th century with Augustine's mission and was the main religion for around a thousand years. There are over 5 million adherents today, 4. The Church of Scotland , a form of Protestantism with a Presbyterian system of ecclesiastical polity , is the third most numerous on the island with around 2.
Methodism is the fourth largest and grew out of Anglicanism through John Wesley. There are other non-conformist minorities, such as Baptists , Quakers , the United Reformed Church a union of Congregationalists and English Presbyterians , Unitarians. The three constituent countries of the United Kingdom have patron saints: Saint George and Saint Andrew are represented in the flags of England and Scotland respectively. Numerous other religions are practised. Jews were expelled from England in but permitted to return in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the island. For the state of which it is a part, see United Kingdom. For the historical state, see Kingdom of Great Britain. For other uses, see Great Britain disambiguation and Britain disambiguation. Native names. Satellite image , See also: Terminology of the British Isles. Main article: Britain place name. Political definition of Great Britain dark green. Main article: Prehistoric Britain. Main article: Early modern Britain. Further information: History of the United Kingdom. See also: Geography of the United Kingdom. Main article: Geology of Great Britain.
Main article: Fauna of Great Britain. See also: List of the vascular plants of Britain and Ireland. Main article: Demography of the United Kingdom. See also: List of urban areas in the United Kingdom. See also: Languages of the United Kingdom. See also: Religion in the United Kingdom. United Kingdom portal Islands portal. Retrieved 9 August Ordnance Survey Blog. Retrieved 2 February In the census , the population of England, Wales and Scotland was estimated to be approximately 61,,; comprising 60,, on Great Britain, and , on other islands.
Retrieved 24 February Office of National Statistics. Archived from the original on 8 January National Statistics Online. Newport, Wales: Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original PDF on 14 November Retrieved 24 September The editors of List of islands by population appear to have used similar data from the relevant statistics bureaux, and totalled up the various administrative districts that make up each island, and then done the same for less populous islands.
An editor of this article has not repeated that work. Therefore this plausible and eminently reasonable ranking is posted as unsourced common knowledge. Great Britain. Black Rabbit Books. BBC News. Retrieved 6 August XX appear in Latin as arriving in "Britannia", the inhabitants being "Britanni", and on p30 "principes Britanniae" i. Retrieved 5 September The Britons. Blackwell Publishing. On Coming-to-be and Passing Away.
On the Cosmos. In Firmin Didot, Ambrosio ed. Geographi Graeci Minores. Greek text and Latin Translation thereof archived at the Internet Archive. In Foster, R F ed.
The Oxford History of Ireland. Oxford University Press. Britain Begins. In Heiberg, J. Claudii Ptolemaei Opera quae exstant omnia. Leipzig: in aedibus B.
In Nobbe, Carolus Fridericus Augustus ed. Claudii Ptolemaei Geographia. Leipzig: sumptibus et typis Caroli Tauchnitii. Ireland and the classical world. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. BBC News — via www. London: Office for National Statistics.
As Catholics and Anglicans come together, the Church of England pulls apart
Retrieved 27 May The name is also often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom. Great Britain is the name of the island that comprises England, Scotland, and Wales, although the term is also used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom.
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The United Kingdom is a political unit that includes these countries and Northern Ireland. The British Isles is a geographical term that refers to the United Kingdom, Ireland, and surrounding smaller islands such as the Hebrides and the Channel Islands. Great Britain comprises England, Scotland and Wales. Pope Francis greets Anglican Archbishop David Moxon, the archbishop of Canterbury's representative to the Vatican, during his general audience on January There was a kind of ecumenical triumph for the Anglicans in Rome last weekend.
For the first time ever, the beautiful service of Choral Evensong was sung in St. It was the sort of event both Anglicans and Catholics could not have imagined just sixty years ago.
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For those who are unfamiliar with the Anglican service of Evensong, it is a version of the monastic offices of Vespers evening prayer and Compline night prayer adapted by the Reformation Archbishop of Canterbury. Over the centuries, the Anglicans have maintained the medieval monastic tradition of male voice choirs. Originally the choirs would have been composed of monks and boys from the abbey schools.
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